Pongal is known to be one of the important festivals in the state of Tamil Nadu and on the last day of the festival, the fourth day, the people of Tamil Nadu celebrate Kaanum Pongal. Kaanum Pongal marks the end of the Pongal festival. Kaanum Pongal is also regarded as ‘Thiruvalluvar Day’ with regards to the great Tamil poet and philosopher ‘Thiruvalluvar’. This is the day when people relax and enjoy and visit each other’s homes or socialize. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, this day is celebrated as Mukkanuma and on this day people worship cattle.
Kaanum Pongal Rituals
- On the Kaanum Pongal day, people clean their homes and decorate their yards with ‘kolam’. The kolam of the God of Sun is drawn on this day as he is the prime deity in the Thai calendar. A puja is done specially and the Sun God is offered with Sarkarai Pongal.
- On the day of Kaanum Pongal, one important event is observed by the people and that is visiting the Kaveri river banks. This is celebrated along with families and friends just like how Rakshabandhan and Bhai Duj festivities are celebrated. People bring food, share it with their friends and families and enjoy themselves along the river banks. Some people even offer pujas and prayers to the Kaveri River.
- Another ritual that is observed on the day of Kaanum Pongal is the ‘Kummipatu’ or ‘Kumi Patu’. This particular ritual is performed especially by the people of rural areas for fast marriage of young girls, whose marriage is being delayed due to some or the other reasons. The young girl is asked to sit in the middle of a huge circle and women perform dances around her to the Kumi Patu tunes.
- Kaanum is the way of celebrating brother’s day in Tamil. On this day, birds are fed with rice by the women and pray for the well being and prosperity of their brothers. This is the Kanu ritual. Sisters visit their brothers’ homes to know about their well being. The food made on the previous day is eaten by women for the well being and long life of their brothers.
- People on this day visit each other’s homes and even mingle merrily with the strangers. Initiation of many new relations is done and people believe this day to be very auspicious for the marriage proposals.
- Married sisters get gifts by their brothers in the exchange of love. Tenants get gifts from their landlords in the form of food, money, and clothes. The younger people of the families take blessings of the elders and receive money in the form of blessings.
- The people in Andhra Pradesh celebrate this day by worshipping cattle. For the non-vegetarians, this is their favorite day as they do not consume meat for three days and save it for this day.
Kaanum Pongal Significance
This day marks the end of the festival of Pongal. In Tamil, the word ‘kaanum’ refers to ‘visit’ and this day the families reunite. Also on Kaanum Pongal people gift each other with presents as a symbol of love. Kaanum Pongal is also called as ‘Virgin Pongal’ in Tamil Nadu since it is celebrated by the unmarried girls enthusiastically.
And to wish your friends and family with these pongal images during this Pongal Festival.